One liner introduction to primary Microsoft Azure Services

Compute Services of Azure:

  • Azure Virtual Machines
    •  Windows or Linux virtual machines (VMs) hosted in Azure
  • Azure Virtual Machine Scale Sets
    •  Scaling for Windows or Linux VMs hosted in Azure
  • Azure Kubernetes Service
    • Enables management of a cluster of VMs that run containerized services
  • Azure Service Fabric
    •  Distributed systems platform. Runs in Azure or on-premises
  • Azure Batch
    •  Managed service for parallel and high-performance computing applications
  • Azure Container Instances
    •  Run containerized apps on Azure without provisioning servers or VMs
  • Azure Functions-
    • An event-driven, serverless compute service

Storage Service

  • Azure Blob storage
    • Storage service for very large objects, such as video files or bitmaps
  • Azure File storage
    • File shares that you can access and manage like a file server
  • Azure Queue storage
    • A data store for queuing and reliably delivering messages between applications
  • Azure Table storage
    • A NoSQL store that hosts unstructured data independent of any schema

Networking services

  • Azure Virtual Network
    • Connects VMs to incoming Virtual Private Network (VPN) connections
  • Azure Load Balancer
    • Balances inbound and outbound connections to applications or service endpoints
  • Azure Application Gateway
    • Optimizes app server farm delivery while increasing application security
  • Azure VPN Gateway
    • Accesses Azure Virtual Networks through high-performance VPN gateways
  • Azure DNS
    • Provides ultra-fast DNS responses and ultra-high domain availability
  • Azure Content Delivery Network
    • Delivers high-bandwidth content to customers globally
  • Azure DDoS Protection
    • Protects Azure-hosted applications from distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks
  • Azure Traffic Manager
    • Distributes network traffic across Azure regions worldwide
  • Azure ExpressRoute
    • Connects to Azure over high-bandwidth dedicated secure connections
  • Azure Network Watcher
    • Monitors and diagnoses network issues using scenario-based analysis
  • Azure Firewall
    • Implements high-security, high-availability firewall with unlimited scalability
  • Azure Virtual WAN
    • Creates a unified wide area network (WAN), connecting local and remote sites

Databases

  • Azure Cosmos DB
    • Globally distributed database that supports NoSQL options
  • Azure SQL Database
    • Fully managed relational database with auto-scale, integral intelligence, and robust security
  • Azure Database for MySQL
    • Fully managed and scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL
    • Fully managed and scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security
  • SQL Server on VMs
    • Host enterprise SQL Server apps in the cloud
  • Azure SQL Data Warehouse
    • Fully managed data warehouse with integral security at every level of scale at no extra cost
  • Azure Database Migration Service
    • Migrates your databases to the cloud with no application code changes
  • Azure Cache for Redis
    • Caches frequently used and static data to reduce data and application latency
  • Azure Database for MariaDB
    • Fully managed and scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security

Web services

  • Azure App Service
    • Quickly create powerful cloud web-based apps
  • Azure Notification Hubs
    • Send push notifications to any platform from any back end.
  • Azure API Management
    • Publish APIs to developers, partners, and employees securely and at scale.
  • Azure Cognitive Search
    • Fully managed search as a service.
  • Web Apps feature of Azure App Service
    • Create and deploy mission-critical web apps at scale.
  • Azure SignalR Service
    • Add real-time web functionalities easily.

IOT

  • IoT Central
    • Fully-managed global IoT software as a service (SaaS) solution that makes it easy to connect, monitor, and manage your IoT assets at scale
  • Azure IoT Hub
    • Messaging hub that provides secure communications and monitoring between millions of IoT devices
  • IoT Edge
    • Data analysis models directly onto your IoT devices, allowing them to react quickly to state changes without needing to consult cloud-based AI models.

Big Data

  • Azure SQL Data Warehouse
    • Run analytics at a massive scale using a cloud-based Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) that leverages massive parallel processing (MPP) to run complex queries quickly across petabytes of data
  • Azure HDInsight
    • Process massive amounts of data with managed clusters of Hadoop clusters in the cloud
  • Azure Databricks
    • Collaborative Apache Spark–based analytics service that can be integrated with other Big Data services in Azure.

Machine Learning

  • Azure Machine Learning Service
    • Cloud-based environment you can use to develop, train, test, deploy, manage, and track machine learning models. It can auto-generate a model and auto-tune it for you. It will let you start training on your local machine, and then scale out to the cloud
  • Azure Machine Learning Studio
    • Collaborative, drag-and-drop visual workspace where you can build, test, and deploy machine learning solutions using pre-built machine learning algorithms and data-handling modules

Cognitive APIs

  • Vision
    • Image-processing algorithms to smartly identify, caption, index, and moderate your pictures and videos.
  • Speech
    • Convert spoken audio into text, use voice for verification, or add speaker recognition to your app.
  • Knowledge mapping
    • Map complex information and data in order to solve tasks such as intelligent recommendations and semantic search.
  • Bing Search
    • Add Bing Search APIs to your apps and harness the ability to comb billions of webpages, images, videos, and news with a single API call.
  • Natural Language processing
    • Allow your apps to process natural language with pre-built scripts, evaluate sentiment and learn how to recognize what users want.

DevOps

  • Azure DevOps
    • Azure DevOps Services (formerly known as Visual Studio Team Services, or VSTS), provides development collaboration tools including high-performance pipelines, free private Git repositories, configurable Kanban boards, and extensive automated and cloud-based load testing
  • Azure DevTest Labs
    • Quickly create on-demand Windows and Linux environments you can use to test or demo your applications directly from your deployment pipelines

Azure Cloud Shell

  • Azure Cloud Shell is a browser-based command-line experience for managing and developing Azure resources.
  • Think of Cloud Shell as an interactive console that you run in the cloud.

Azure Regions

  • A region is a geographical area on the planet containing at least one,
  • but potentially multiple datacenters that are nearby and networked together with a low-latency network
  • *There are also some global Azure services that do not require you to select a particular region,
  • such as Microsoft Azure Active Directory, Microsoft Azure Traffic Manager, and Azure DNS.
  • Example:  West US, Canada Central, West Europe, Australia East, and Japan West

Special Azure regions:

  • US DoD Central, US Gov Virginia, US Gov Iowa and more: These are physical and logical
  • network-isolated instances of Azure for US government agencies and partners.
  • These datacenters are operated by screened US persons and include additional compliance certifications.
  • China East, China North and more: These regions are available through a unique partnership between Microsoft
  • and 21Vianet, whereby Microsoft does not directly maintain the datacenters.

Azure Geographies

Geographies are broken up into the following areas:

  • Americas
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East and Africa

Each region belongs to a single geography and has specific service availability, compliance, and data residency/sovereignty rules applied to it

Availability Zones

  • Availability Zones are physically separate datacenters within an Azure region.
  • Each Availability Zone is made up of one or more datacenters equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking.
  • It is set up to be an isolation boundary. If one zone goes down, the other continues working.
  • Availability Zones are connected through high-speed, private fiber-optic networks.
  • Not every region has support for Availability Zones.

The following regions have a minimum of three separate zones to ensure resiliency:

  • Central US
  • East US 2
  • West US 2
  • West Europe
  • France Central
  • North Europe
  • Southeast Asia

References: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/learn/modules/principles-cloud-computing/1-introduction

I accumulated this information from above link while preparing for AZ-900 exam so sharing here.

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